The archival collections are presented alphabetically according to the name of either the donor or the subject of each collection. Dates of birth and death are given next to the heading of each entry, providing some evidence for the date of the material contained within. The main entry consists of a concise description of the contents of each collection (type and category of documents) as well as references to any offices held, or activities in which the subject participated.
LIST OF COLLECTIONS
Ali Pasha (1744-1822)
David Balfour (1903-1909)
Loukas Bellos (1848-1913)
Philip Betancourt’s Collection of Postcards
Xavier Bordes (1944- )
Konstantinos Bouras (1913-1943)
Nikos Chatzikiriakos-Ghikas (1906-1995)
George Constantin (1833-1891)
The Corfu Archive (1506-1888)
Eugene Dalleggio (1888-1983)
Odysseus Elytis (1911-1996)
Nikos Fandrides (1888-1914)
Ford Foundation in Greece (1970-1976)
Amvrosios Frantzis (1869-1953)
Ioannis Frantzis (1909-1984)
Georgios Galavaris-Kurt Weitzmann Collection
George Gennadius (1786-1854)
Joannes Gennadius (1844-1932)
Demetrios Kapetanakis (1912-1944)
Konstantinos D. Karavidas (1890-1973)
Ioannis Karavitis (1883-1949)
Vasilis Kazantzis (-)
George Kastriotis (1910-1969)
Andreas Kordellas (1836-1909)
Dimitry Levidis (1886-1951)
Yorgos and Spyros Loulakakis
Spyridon Marinatos (1901-1974)
Nikolaos G. Mavris (1899-1978)
Dimitri Mitropoulos (1896-1960)
David Richard Morier (1784-1877)
Konstantinos Mousouros (1807-1891)
Stratis Myrivilis (1892-1969)
Elias Papademetrakopoulos (1930- )
Georgios Papaioannou (1900-1986)
Yorgis Paulopoulos (1924-2008)
Dimitris P. Petrokokkinos (1861-1941)
Elias Petropoulos (1928-2003 )
Panayiotis Pipinelis (1899-1970)
Vangelis Raftopoulos (1959- )
Kleon R. Rangavis (1842-1917)
Rovertos Saragas (1927-1979)
Konstantinos Sathas (1847-1914)
Heinrich Schliemann (1822-1890)
George Seferis (1900-1971)
Stephanos Skouloudis (1838-1928)
Takis Sinopoulos (1917-1981)
Athanasios Souliotis-Nikolaidis (1878-1945)
Bayard Stockton (1930-2006)
Dorothy H. Sutton
Angelos Terzakis (1907-1979)
Spyridon Theotokis (1876-1940)
Constantine Tsatsos (1899-1987) and Ioanna Tsatsou (1909-2000)
Emmanuel I. Tsouderos (1882-1956)
Vasilis Vasilikos (1935- )
Kostas Varnalis (1884-1974)
Theodore Vavayiannis (1905-1988)
Elias Venezis (1904-1973)
Demetrios Vikelas (1835-1908)
Constantine Vovolinis (1913-1970)
Thomas Hewett Waterman (1846-1921)
William Aigner Wigram (1872-1953)
Ali Pasha was an Albanian brigand, who became Pasha of Ioannina, and extended his rule over much of Albania, Macedonia, Epirus, Thessaly, and the Morea. In Ali Pasha’s time, Ioannina became the foremost center of Greek culture. He employed many Greeks and founded Greek schools.
This significant collection, which concerns the period of Turkish occupation, Ali Pasha of Ioannina, and his sons Veli and Muhtar Pasha, consists of 1500 public and private documents, about religious, legal, financial, community, administrative and family matters, as well as various military campaigns (1802-1820). The collection was published, in 2010, in a four-volume catalogue with extensive annotations by Vasilis Panagiotopoulos, with the collaboration of Dimitris Dimitropoulos and Panagiotis Michailaris, under the auspices of the National Research Foundation. The publication is available for sale at the National Research Foundation (Εθνικό Ίδρυμα Ερευνών).
Quantity: 1.40 linear meter
Gift of Damianos Kyriazis, 1953
David Balfour was a priest-monk in the Russian Orthodox Church, a member of the British Intelligence Service, a diplomat, and a Byzantine scholar.
The collection consists of thirty -nine letters in Russian written during 1932-1936 and 1945-1947 by Father Sophrony to David Balfour, as well as copies of letters of David Balfour to Father Sophrony.
Quantity: 0.22 linear meter
Gift of Louise Balfour, 1993. Restricted access
Loukas Bellos, a doctor from Boeotia and a Member of the Greek Parliament, also became known for his newspaper articles on linguistic subjects (Greek and Albanian languages). From 1874 to 1878, Bellos published the newspaper "Boeotia." The collection consists of medical treatises, journals, ledgers and notes, printed treatises and articles on linguistic subjects (Greek and Albanian languages), political speeches, letters, poems, correspondence, and photographs.
The collection also includes a bound copy of all issues of the newspaper "Boeotia"
Quantity: 0.90 linear meter
Gift of Antigone Threpsiadou-Bellou, 1990
Philip Betancourt, Professor of Art History and Archaeology at Temple University, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and an archaeologist specializing in Minoan Crete, donated his collection of postcards to the Gennadius Library in 2002. The collection, which contains more than 200 postcards of the late 19th and early 20th century, portrays the history of Greece and the Balkans over a 35-year period, beginning with the defeat of Greece in its war with Turkey in 1897, and ends in 1922, with another defeat and the abandonment of Greece’s territorial hopes in Asia Minor. In 2003, the American School of Classical Studies at Athens organized an exhibit of the postcards and presented Philip Betancourt’s book Greece and Her Neighbours in Historic Postcards: 1895-1920 at the Gennadius Library. See more on the exhibit and the catalogue at Catherine deG. Vanderpool, “Exhibition Highlights Recent Gift to Gennadeion,” in ASCSA Newsletter, Winter 2004, no. 51, p. G1.
Gift of Philip Betancourt, 2002
Xavier Bordes, French poet and translator, undertook in 1979 the translation of Odysseus Elytis’ poetry in collaboration with R. Longueville. At the time almost no French translation of Elytis’ work existed. From 1972 to 1984 Bordes lived in Morocco and much of the correspondence with Elytis takes place between Athens and Mohammedia. Educated in music and classics he had a career as an instructor and critic and collaborated with major publishing houses in France. The first translated work to be published was Marie de Brumes in 1982. Elytis was impressed by Bordes’ translation, which he describes as “un vrai tour de force” in one of his letters (28 May 1981). The collection consists of Elytis’ letters to Bordes (1981-1995), photographs of Elytis, audio tapes, and a few press clippings.
Quantity: 0.35 linear meters
Gift of Xavier Bordes
Konstantinos Bouras, a lawyer, was active in the Resistance during WWII. He was executed by the Germans in 1943 for having participated in the resistance organizations “Midas 614” and EKKA (Εθνική και Κοινωνική Απελευθέρωση). This small collection of papers contains material from the trial that followed Bouras’s execution, after the end of WW II, in 1947 (court files, photographs, and newspaper clippings).
Quantity: 0.35 linear meters
Gift of Aikaterini Boura, 2011
The painter Nikos Chatzikiriakos-Ghikas donated to the Library small part of his papers which includes the manuscript of his Greek translation of "The Courtship of the Yonghy-Bonghy-Bo," by Edward Lear, parts of his French translation of the Odyssey by Nikos Kazantzakis, a manuscript of Odyssey’s translation by Robert Levesque, and notes by Kimon Friar concerning the English translation of Kazantzakis’ Odyssey. In addition, the collection includes thirty-five original drawings by Ghikas created for the publication of the Odyssey, as well as thirteen original drawings concerning the publication of Poems, 1896-1933, by C. Cavafy.
Quantity: 0.30 linear meter
Gift of Nikos Chatzikiriakos-Ghikas, 1973
See Watermann, Thomas Hewett
In 2003 and 2004 the Gennadius Library acquired a small collection of documents about the island of Corfu. The earliest documents (55) belong to the late Venetian period (from the 16th to the 18th c.). The later ones (36) date to the 19th c. during the British rule and the first decades after the incorporation of the Ionian islands into the Greek state. Most of the documents have legal character, including decrees, pre-nuptial agreements, wills, sale contracts and leases.
Eugene Dalleggio served as an officer at the Instruction Publique of France and was a member of both the French Institute of Byzantine Studies in Paris and of the Center of Asia Minor Studies of the French Institute in Athens. Dalleggio also contributed to the organization of the Military Museum of Constantinople. During his life he traveled extensively in Asia Minor and the Black Sea, conducting archaeological and historical research in Bithynia and the Taurus Mountains in Cilicia. He published several articles on the topography and history of Constantinople.
The collection consists of personal notes concerning the research and publication of Karamanlidika (Karamanlidika. Bibliographie analytique d’ouvrages en langue turque en caractères grecs, Athens 1958), manuscript books written in Karamanlidika, old photos of Constantinople and other cities in Asia Minor, etc.
Gift of Mario Dalleggio, 1989
An important family in the political and intellectual life of Greece in the 19th and 20th centuries. The collection consists of the papers of Markos Ath. Dragoumis (1770-1855), Nikolaos N. Dragoumis (1809-1879), Euphrosyne N. Dragoumis (1818-1915), Markos N. Dragoumis (1840-1894), Marika N. Dragoumis (1846-1941), as well as copies of letters of Count Arthur de Gobineau to Zoe and Marika Dragoumis ("Gobineau Collection"). See also finding-aid: Chr. Varda and Voula Konti, The Papers of the Dragoumis Family (in Greek), Athens: Gennadius Library, 1991
Quantity: 7.47 linear meters.
Gift of Phillipos St. Dragoumis, 1960.
Trained as a teacher, Markos A. Dragoumis served as a Secretary to the Moldavian leaders Constantine Ypsilantes (1799-1802) and Skarlatos Kallimaches (1805). In 1805, he was appointed Governor of the Aegean Islands before returning to Constantinople to continue his career as a teacher. In 1812, he served as a Secretary to the Moldavian leader Ioannis Karatzas. He became a member of the Philike Etaireia in 1820 and during the War of Independence worked to organize the newly established Greek State. He was married to Zoe Sofianou-Deligianni and had two children, John (1807-1872) and Nikolaos (1809-1879).
The collection consists of correspondence, manuscripts, bills, and secondary material referring to his work.
Quantity: 0.14 linear meter
Son of Markos Ath. Dragoumis, Nikolaos M. Dragoumis held many public offices in the newly established Greek state, including positions in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Nautical Affairs, where he acted as a consultant. in addition to his governmental positions, he worked as a journalist for the newspaper "Aion" and was editor of the periodical "Pandora" from 1855 to 1872. He was active on the social forefront and founded many societies, such as the "Society of the Friends of the People"and the "Philekpaideutike Etaireia." He was married to Eufrosyne Georganta and had four children, Markos (1840-1809), Stephanos (1842-1923), Zoe (1843-1894) and Marika (1846-1941).
The collection consists of official public documents relating to the government offices he held, correspondence about various institutions and societies, correspondence and documents relating to the periodical "Pandora", newspapers, newspaper clippings, and photos.
Quantity: 1.70 linear meter
Born in Constantinople and the daughter of a merchant, Stephanos Georgantas, Euphrosyne lived the early years of her life in Odessa attending the "Ecole de Noblesse." In 1831 she moved to Nauplion and later to Athens where she married Nikolaos Dragoumis (see above) in 1839 and had four children, Markos (1840-1909), Stephanos (1842-1923), Zoe (1843-1894) and Marika (1846-1941). Euphrosyne Dragoumis was one of the founding members of the Amalieio Orphanage, and member of many other welfare organizations.
The collection consists of family correspondence, and personal papers.
Quantity: 0.28 linear meter
Markos N. Dragoumis studied law in Paris (1857-1862) and wrote his dissertation on De la condition civile de l’etranger en France (Paris 1864). He then embarked upon a diplomatic career with posts in Paris(1861-1863), St. Petersburg (1867-1871, 1887-1890), Vienna (1874-1877), Alexandria (1877-1880) and Bucharest (1880, 1882-1885). He participated in many committees, such as the Committee for the Olympic Games (1895) and the Committee for the National Gallery (1906-1907), and wrote essays for the Bulletin d’Orient (1903-1908). He was married to Eliza Novikoff.
The collection consists of official documents relating to his public service, legal documents, letters pertaining to the committee for the erection of the statue of Constantine Palaeologos, correspondence (family, Bulletin d’Orient, clubs, organizations), personal papers, periodicals, newspapers, and photographs.
Quantity: 1.40 linear meter
Eliza Dragoumis, born Novikoff, was the wife of Markos N. Dragoumis (see above).
The collection consists of family correspondence, photographs, and secondary post-mortem material (1936, 1959, 1967).
Quantity: 0.83 linear meter
Eliza St. Dragoumis, born Kontogiannaki , was the wife of Stephanos N. Dragoumis.
The collection consists of family correspondence, diaries, and photographs.
Quantity 1.50 linear meters
Zoe Dragoumis was the daughter of Nikolaos and Eufrosyne Dragoumis. At a young age she went to Paris and received, together with her sister Marika, an artistic education which involved painting and music. In 1864, she and her family became acquainted with Count Joseph Arthur de Gobineau, the Ambassador of France to Greece (1864-1868) with whom they corresponded for almost two decades [see Comte de Gobineau, lettres a deux Atheniennes (1868-1881). Introduction de Madame N. Mela, Athens 1936]. For typescript copies of letters by Count Joseph Arthur de Gobineau to Zoe and Marika Dragoumis, see the Gobineau Collection.
The collection consists of family correspondence, various documents (bills, awards, notebooks, photographs), and drawings.
Quantity: 0.68 linear meter
Marika N. Dragoumis was the youngest child of Nikolaos and Eufrosyne Dragoumis. She studied painting and music in Paris and became an accomplished musician. She also served as a member of several welfare organizations and literary societies.
The collection consists of documents relating to her social work, family correspondence, journals, drawings, and newspaper clippings.
Quantity: 1.35 linear meter
The collection consists of typescript copies of letters by Count Joseph Arthur de Gobineau to Zoe and Marika Dragoumis, papers concerning the publication of the Gobineau letters, periodicals, and newspapers. The original letters of Count Joseph Arthur de Gobineau are in Paris, at the Bibliotheque Nationale.
Quantity: 0.53 linear meter
Stephanos N. Dragoumis, the son of Nikolaos and Eufrosyne Dragoumis, became an important political figure in late 19th/early 20th century Greek history. He served as Prime Minister (1910), Minister of Foreign Affairs (1886-1890, 1892-1893), Governor of Crete and Macedonia (1912-1913), Minister of Finance (1915-1916), and Member of the Parliament (1879-1895, 1899-1910, 1915, 1920). As a close friend of Charilaos Trikoupis, he participated in Trikoupis’ plans for the economic development of the Greek state. He married Eliza Kontogiannaki and had eleven children, Natalia (1872-1973), Nikos (1874-1933), Efi (1875-1964), Charikleia (1876-1966), Ion (1878-1920), Alexandra (1880-1976), Zoe (1882-1964), Markos (1884-1888), Marika (1886-1939), Philippos (1890-1980), and Alexandros (1891-1977).
The collection consists of official documents; notes and correspondence relating to his political activities, as well as his philological and archaeological interests; family correspondence; medals and awards, and photos. The researcher will find information about several important issues of Greece’s foreign policy during the late 19th/early 20th century, such as the Bulgarian and Roumanian issues (e.g., the Zappa case), the Albanian/North Epirus problem, and the Cretan and Macedonian questions. Historical photos from the Stephanos Dragoumis Papers are available online via the Digital Library of the American School of Classical Studies (http://www.ascsa.edu.gr/archives/).
Quantity: 18 linear meters
The collection includes correspondence, photos and notes of the following children of Stephanos and Eliza Dragoumis: Natalia Mela (1872-1973), Nikos Dragoumis (1874-1933), Efi Kallergi (1875-1964), Charikleia Kokkoni (1876-1966), Alexandra Xydi-Kriezi (1880-1976), Zoi Palencia (1882-1964), Marika Kazouli (1886-1939), and Alexandros (1891-1977). In addition, there is material on the following members of the extended Dragoumis family: Ioannis Markou Dragoumis (1807-1872), Konstantinos Ioannou Dragounmis (1843-1926) and Emmanouil Ioannou Dragoumis (1859-1917). Finally, the small collection includes also material about the Ioannes Kontogiannakis family. Ioannes Kontogiannakis was the father of Eliza St.Dragoumi, an eminent Greek businessman in Russia and the founder of the first private bank in St. Petersburg (1817-1888).
Quantity: 1.05 linear meter
Philippos St. Dragoumis was one of the many children of Stephanos and Eliza Dragoumis. He served as a diplomat, Member of Parliament, Minister and High Commissioner of Macedonia, Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Defense, and Minister of Foreign Affairs. He was also the author of several political treatises.
The collection consists of official documents and papers relating to the public offices he held; various documents relating to the Macedonian Struggle and the Macedonian Question, Greek-Albanian relations, and the Cypriote Question; personal notebooks; personal and family correspondence; awards; photographs; biographical information related to the Dragoumis family history, and newspaper clippings about Philippos Dragoumis. Historical photos from the Stephanos Dragoumis Papers are available online via the Digital Library of the American School of Classical Studies (http://www.ascsa.edu.gr/archives/). Also see print catalogue: Chr. Varda, Archeio Philippou Dragoumi (1890-1980). Eureterio, Athens: Gennadius Library, 1993.
Quantity: 11 linear meters
Ion Dragoumis, one of the many children of Stephanos and Eliza Dragoumis, played a central role in the Greek politics of the early 20th century. He served initially as a diplomat in Istanbul, Rome and St. Petersburg and worked with a passion for the annexing of Macedonia to the Greek state. He was elected a Member of the Greek Parliament (1915), but was soon exiled to Corsica (1917) and to the island of Skopelos (1919) after coming into conflict with Eleutherios Venizelos. He was assassinated by his political opponents in Athens in 1920.
The collection consists of personal correspondence arranged in alphabetical order, as well as professional correspondence relating to his diplomatic and other state positions together with documents relating to issues of foreign affairs such as the Macedonian Issue, the Greek relations with other countries and nations of the Balkan Peninsula, and the Greek-Turkish relations. Drafts of his various publications, newspaper clippings and photographs are also included.
The personal correspondence is fully catalogued and accessible via the Digital Library of the American School of Classical Studies (http://www.ascsa.edu.gr/index.php/digital-library/resources-listing-all-departments/, under Modern Greece Historical Documents).
Quantity: 7.70 linear meters
Odysseus Elytis, a well-known poet, was awarded the 1979 Nobel Prize for Literature by the Swedish Academy. The Academy wrote that "his poetry against the background of Greek tradition depicts with sensuous strength and intellectual clear sightedness modern man’s struggle for freedom and creativeness." His first collection of poems, entitled Orientations, was published in 1940. His next important poetic collection and what is still considered his magnum opus, The Axion Esti, appeared in 1959. Selected sections of this work was set to music by Mikis Theodorakis. In the early 1970’s, Elytis published several collections of poems, such as The Light-Tree and the Monogram in 1971, The Sovereign Sun and the Rhos of Eros in 1972. A year before he received the Nobel Prize, Maria Nepheli was published. After receiving his Nobel Prize, Elytis continued publishing poetry and prose until his death; Three Poems under a Flag of Convenience (1982), The Little Seafarer (1985), The Elegies of Jutting Rock (1991), and West of Sorrow (1995), to mention some of his post-Nobel work.
The collection consists of correspondence, manuscripts, collages, drawings, publications and studies of Elytis’ work, posters, invitations, catalogues of publishing houses, pamphlets, record albums of his poetry put to music, tapes of lectures and interviews, newspaper clippings, photographs, books with handwritten dedications to the poet, etc.
Quantity: 8.50 linear meters
Gift of Odysseus Elytis, 1976
Nikos V. Fandrides studied law. Well educated and with a knowledge of several European languages, Fandrides wrote several studies about European philosophers and poets of the 19th century. His work brought him close to poet Kostis Palamas, whose work Fandrides intended to make known in Europe. Hs premature death in 1914, however, put an end to this plan. The collection consists of a small number of letters from Kostis Palamas to Nikos Fandrides, as well as books given to Fandrides by Kostis Palamas.
Quantity: 0.50 liner meter
Gift of Agni Vlavianou Arvaniti, 2011
In April 2009, Kaiti Myrivili, consultant to the Ford Foundation in Greece from 1970 to 1982, gave the ASCSA Archives the records of her work. These papers include the grant applications made by individuals and institutions and notices of acceptance or rejection of the applications, reports of the grantees’ work, newspaper clippings about the work and the controversy surrounding the Ford Foundation in Greece, Ford Foundation brochures, and other miscellaneous papers. In the course of the years covered by these papers, the Ford Foundation awarded grants to over one hundred Greeks and over twenty Greek organizations and institutions in the fields of painting, sculpture, graphic arts, creative writing, translation, literature, theater, film, music, musicology, dance, architecture, history, archaeology, art history, philosophy, anthropology and sociology. Almost $7,000,000 was awarded to these grantees during this period—the largest amount awarded any country outside the United States over the same period of time. The collection has been processed and catalogued by Lisabeth Ward Papageorgiou.
Quantity: 2.70 linear meters.
Gift of Kaiti Myrivili, 2009.
Amvrosios Frantzis, an army officer and descendant of a well-known Byzantine family, served as a diplomat in Istanbul and Sofia (1910-1912), and was a close partner of Prime Minister Eleutherios Venizelos. He participated in the Greek- Turkish War of 1897, the Goudi Military League (1909), and the Balkan Wars. From 1917 to 1922 he served as military attache at the Greek Embassy in London. In 1926 he was appointed military attache to the Prime Minister Kountouriotis. His papers include personal notes about his military career, literary notes, newspaper clippings, materal related to the “Πατριωτικός Όμιλος”, his unpublished memoirs, and correspondence.
Ioannis Frantzis, son of Amvrosios, served as a diplomat in the Greek Embassies of Albania and Egypt before being appointed Director of the Political Office of Prime Minister George Papandreou (1944), and later, in the service of Prime Minister K. Tsaldaris. In 1947, Ioannis Frantzis served as diplomat in Praetoria and the following year in Washington, D.C. From 1950 to 1953 he served as Head of the Diplomatic Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. From 1953 to 1958 he was Councellor and Head of the Press Office of the Greek Embassy in London. From 1959 to 1964 he was appointed to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and from 1965 to 1967 he was Greece’s ambassador to India. The collection consists of political, diplomatic and personal papers and correspondence. With the papers of Ambrosios and Ioannis Frantzis also came a collection of 67 letters addressed to Konstantinos Oikonomou (1824-1855) concerning the Orthodox Church. Konstantinos Oikonomos (1780-1854) was a priest and educator, one of the best known Greek ecclesiastical writers and preacher. Most of the letters come from Alexandros Stourzas, who was a prominent member of the Greek community of Odessa, a diplomat of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and an active member of the Greek community and the church. There are also letters from Pozos Ioannis, Panas Eusebios and others. Quantity: 3.02 linear meters
Gift of K. Psimmenos, 1985.
Giannis Galanos (Panitsas) (-)
Twenty-eight (28) diaries of the poet Giannis Galanos, a pseudonym of Giannis Panitsas. The diaries are dated in 1954- 1963, and contain information concerning his stay in London, as student of Medicine and in Athens, where he studied Law.
Quantity: 1 box
Gift of Giannis Panitsas, 1978
The collection consists of one album with black and white photographs as well as loose photographs, mostly coloured. According to a handwritten note on the cover of the album the photographs belonged to K. Weitzmann and were given to G. Galavaris. There is also a PhD diploma awarded to Wilhelm Weitzmann, father of Kurt. Kurt Weitzmann (1904-1993), professor in the Department of Art and Archaeology at Princeton University, who has made an extraordinary contribution to the history of medieval art and more specifically to the studies of Byzantine manuscript illumination. G. Galavaris (1926-2003) was a student of K. Weitzmann at Princeton and a distinguished byzantinist himself. He was a professor at McGill University at Montreal where he set the foundations for teaching ancient Greek and Byzantine art. In collaboration with K. Weitzmann, they published a monograph on the illuminated Greek manuscripts of the Monastery of Saint Catherine at Mt Sinai.
Gift of Ms. Maria Galavari- Damianou (sister of G. Galavaris), April 2006.
Educational writings by George Gennadius, scholar and "teacher" of the nation. Official documents of the Ministry of Religion and Education as well as responses by Gennadius concerning educational matters. Private correspondence.
Quantity: 0.75 linear meter
Gift of John Gennadius, 1926
An eminent diplomat, scholar, and bibliophile, Joannes Gennadius is also the founder of the Gennadeion. The bulk of the material dates from the 1880s up to the year of his death 1932. The archive is divided into nine series: Series I. Correspondence; Series II: Scholarly Papers by J. Gennadius; Series III: Personal papers and documents; Series IV: War Relief; Series V: Greek communities outside reece; Series VI: The Gennadius Library; Series VII: Photographs; Series VIII: The Konstantinos Magakis Collection; Series IX: Miscellaneous. Another large part of his archive, mostly with earlier material, is contained in the so-called Scrapbooks. The researcher should consult both collections.
Quantity: 3 linear meters
Gift of Joannes Gennadius, 1926
The poet Demetrios Kapetanakis was born in Smyrna, but after the Asia Minor destruction of 1922 his family moved to Athens. In Greece he studied political science and economics at the University of Athens. He continued at the University of Heidelberg from where he received his doctorate in philosophy. In 1939, with a fellowship from the British Council, he went to the University of Cambridge where he studied under Dadie Rylands, a leading Shakespeare scholar. After leaving Cambridge he worked briefly for the Press Office of the Greek Embassy in London. Kapetanakis wrote many literary essays on such people as Proust, Rimbaud, Dostoyevsky, Horace Walpole and Charlotte Bronte. He died from leukemia in 1944. His poetry was published posthumously by John Lehmann in 1947, with the title Demetrios Capetanakis: A Greek Poet in England. The papers of Demetrios Kapetanakis include manuscripts (essays, poems), personal papers (passport, notes), correspondence, particularly with John Lehmann (1940-1944), publications on Kapetanakis, and newspaper clippings.
Quantity: 0.35 linear meter
Gift of John Lehmann, 1977
Konstantinos Karavidas served for years in the Agricultural Bank of Greece and is known for his contribution to the modernization of agriculture in Greece. Before joining the Agricultural Bank in 1932, he served as a high-rank officer in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1915-1917). He is also the author of several treatises on agricultural matters; publisher of the periodical "Koinotes"(1922-1924); and author of several works of literature. The collection consists of official documents; memoranda; treatises and newspaper clippings pertaining to Macedonia and the works of the Agricultural Bank (i.e., land reclamation, loans); personal correspondence and literary manuscripts; periodicals; and newspapers. The collection is processed (Catalogue: M. Korasidou and D. Samiou, "Το αρχείο του Κωνσταντίνου Καραβίδα (1890-1973)", The New Griffon, v. 3, 1992, pp. 8-12). For a recent essay on “koinotismos” and the work of Konstantinos Karavidas see Κοινοτισμός, Μια αίγλη φωτός!, ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΑ Κυριακή 07.11.2010
Quantity: 12 -15 linear meters
Gift of Zoe Kalliga-Karavida, 1987-1990
Ioannes Karavitis was born in Crete in 1883. He was a member of the Pavlos Melas forces in the Macedonian Struggle along with other Cretans. He also participated in the Balkan Wars. He died in Athens in 1949 and was buried in the First Cemetery. The material deposited at the Gennadius Library Archives consists of photocopies of his memoirs concerning his participation in the Macedonian Struggle (published by George Petsivas in two volumes Ο Μακεδονικός Αγών. Απομνημονεύματα. Εισαγωγή – Επιμέλεια- Σχόλια, Γιώργος Πετσίβας (Αθήνα 1994), and his participation in the Balkan Wars (1912-3) and the fight for Northern Epirus.
Gift of George Petsivas, 1997
Sculptor, a student of the famous 20th century classicist sculptor Emile-Antoine Bourdelle and a graduate of the Acadèmie de la Grande Chaumière. In 1928 Kastriotis returned to Athens and passed the examinations at the School of Fine Arts of the Athens Polytechnic School. From 1935 to 1936 he also worked as a conservator at the National Archaeological Museum and the Acropolis Museum. Kstariotis exhibited his sculptures in Athens, Paris, Stockholm and Copenhagen.
George Kastriotis was also the nephew and godchild of Sophia Schliemann, a member of the Kastromenos (later Kastriotis) family. His family correspondence contains letters of Sophia Schliemann and other members of the Kastromenos and Pavlidis families. His papers contain also personal documents, newspaper clippings, artistic drawings, drafts and blueprints of mechanisms he invented and designed. See also Maria Voltera, “The Kastriotis Papers: Portrait of an Artist,” ASCSA Newsletter, Winter 2003, no. 49, p. G3.
Quantity: 0.60 linear meter
Gift of Mary Kastrioti, 2000
Letters from prominent Greek literary figures (e.g., Elytis, Kakridis, Karagatsis, Papanoutsos, Seferis, Theotokas, Venezis) to Vasilis Kazantzis, translator and staff member of the British Council. Also one letter from Andreas Papandreou. Letters to members of the Kazantzis family (1899-1901).
Quantity: Nineteen (19) letters
Mineralogist and Professor of Geology and Mineralogy in the Greek Military Cadet School. He was the first to notice and study the possibility of exploitation of the ancient lead mines of Laurion. His scientific work and the reports he submitted to the Ministry of Finance formed the basis for the first laws concerning the mining enterprise of Modern Greece. From 1864 to 1873, he worked as a Product Engineer in the French-Italian mining company Roux-Serpieri-Fressynet C.E. During the years 1877-1879 he conducted research on the hydraulic system of Attica. Finally, he served as Director of the Greek Mining Company (1887-1891).
Quantity: 0.50 linear meter
Gift of Eleni Kordella, 1996
The musical scores of composer Dimitry Levidis (1886-1951) were recently added to the Archives of the Gennadius Library to supplement the other two important musical collections of the library, those of Dimitri Mitropoulos and Theodore Vavayannis. Born in Athens, Levidis spent the largest past of his life abroad, especially in France. By serving in the French army during WWI, Levidis acquired the French citizenship. During his time in France his compositions were played widely. The famous conductor Serge Koussevitzky frequently included the works of Levidis in his so-called Concerts Koussevitzky, which he held in France from 1921 to 1929. Levidis also experimented with Maurice Martenot’s ondes musicales, an early electronic musical instrument. In fact, Levidis’ Poéme symphonique was presented at the first public appearance of the instrument at the Paris Opera in 1928. In 1932 Levidis, after many years abroad, decided to return to Greece. During his Greek years he produced music that can be characterized Greek, although always influenced by the French impressionism. With a small part of his compositions deposited at the National Library of Greece, the rest of his work was, until recently, believed lost. The recently acquired works of Levidis at the Gennadius library include: De profundis (opus 46), L’Iliade (opus 62), Le gars et la mort (opus 64), Stances symphoniques (opus 49), Berceuse pour un gendarme (opus 65), Petite suite, Aria (opus 12), Impromptu (opus 32), Eolienne (opus 14), and others.
Gift of Rita Thompson Bouboulidi, 2010
Letters and post cards by author Nikos Kazantzakis to Yorgos and Spyros Loulakakis, other handwritten notes by Nikos Kazantzakis, and a manuscript by politician Panayotis Kanellopoulos.
Quantity: 0.20 linear meter
Gift of Spyros Loulakakis, 1998
Spyridon Marinatos was one of the most important Greek archaeologists, best known for his excavations at Akrotiri, on the island of Thera. This small collection of personal correspondence (from 1929 to 1939) consists of about 500 letters, most from the time that Spyridon Marinatos was an Ephor of Antiquites on Crete, and the period (1937-1939) of his service as Director of Antiquities in the Ministry of Education before he was appointed professor of archaeology at the University of Athens. The collection includes letters from important Greek and foreign archaeologists including George Mylonas, Konstantinos Rhomaios, Nikolaos Platon, Ioannis Meliadis, Stephanos Xanthoudides, Georg Karo, R.W. Hutchinson, and W. Doerpfeld, as well as Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas.
Quantity: 0.40 linear meter
Gift of Nanno Marinatos, 2011
Nikolaos Mavris studied medicine while pursuing his interests in literature and law. Just before World War II, Mavris settled in the United States where he founded the "National Dodecanesian Council". In 1948, after his return to Greece, Mavris was elected First General Governor of the Dodecanese and later became a Member of the Greek Parliament. His work on the bibliography of the Dodecanese was awarded the first prize by the Academy of Athens. The collection consists of documents, periodicals, and local newspapers, relating to the history newspapers relating to the history and administration of the Dodecanese (especially the function of the National Dodecanesian Council), as well as material pertaining to the establishment of the Greek Bibliographic Society. The collection is partly processed. Photographs from the Mavris Papers are available online via the Digital Library of the American School of Classical Studies (http://www.ascsa.edu.gr/archives/). Of great interest is Mavris’ rich collection of newspapers issued in Greece and abroad concerning the Dodecanese.
Quantity: 15.30 linear meters (catalogued)
Gift of Nikolaos Mavris’ heirs, 1988
Dimitri Mitropoulos, a world-known conductor, served as the director of the Symphony Orchestras of Boston (1936-1938) and Minneapolis (1938-1949), as well as of the Philarmonic Orchestra (1949-1950) and the Metropolitan Opera in New York.
The collection includes handwritten sheet music of his works for the piano, songs, chamber music, works for orchestra, opera, etc; correspondence (1933-53), letters to his friend Kaiti Katsoyanni (1920-60); collections of newspaper clippings and interviews; musical reviews of his work as a composer and a conductor; programs of orchestral performances (Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Metropolitan Opera); photographs, audio tapes, etc.
Quantity: 3.20 linear meters
Gift of Kaiti Katsoyanni and James A. Dixon, 1963
David Richard Morier was an English diplomat who served in Egypt, the Dardanelles, and Constantinople. He also authored "Photo the Suliot, a Tale of Modern Greece", 1857.
The collection consists of the correspondence of Demetrios Shkinas, a copy of a letter of Adamantios Koraes to George Shkinas, and a manuscript of Ρωσσοαγγλογάλλος, which is kept at the Library, one of the oldest novels in the history of Greek literature.
Quantity: 0.1 linear meter
Gift of Mrs. Francis Cunnack, 1962
Konstatinos Mousouros, a Greek by birth and culture but a Turkish subject, served as the ambassador of Turkey to Greece (1840-1847). He remained in Athens until the famous "Mousouros incident" in 1847 which brought a temporary break in diplomatic relations between the two countries. From 1851 to his retirement in 1885, he was Turkish ambassador in London where, for many years, he and John Gennadius were diplomatic colleagues and friendly rivals.
The collection consists of official documents relating to state affairs of the Ottoman Empire with Greece and other European countries. The most important section is the correspondence between Mousouros and his father-in-law Stephanos Vogoridis, Governor of Samos, where he gives an almost day-by-day account of all that was taking place there during the crucial period of the early Kingdom of Greece.
Quantity: 2.10 linear meters
Bought from G. Patriarcheas, 1971-73
Michalis Myridakis served as an officer in the Greco-Italian War (1940-1941). During the Greek Civil War (1945-1949), he joined the Greek National Democratic Army. Myridakis has authored several books on the Greek Civil War.
Copies (originals are kept in the General State Archives[GAK]) of documents, letters and notebooks relating to his activity in the E.D.E.S. ( Greek Democratic National Army) and N. Zervas during the Greek Civil War.
1 folder, 33 documents
Gift of Michalis Myridakis, 1989
Stratis Myrivilis is perhaps mostly known for his novels Life in the Tomb (1930), The Schoolmistress with the Golden Eyes (1933) and Vasiles (1943), novels widely read and very popular among generations of Greek readers. The bulk of his writings, however, consisted of newspaper articles (chronographemata) and texts for his radio programs, evidence that sheds light to another side of Myrivilis, that of an active journalist and broadcaster.
Born on the island of Mytilene in 1892 he died in Athens in 1969 and lived through such sweeping events as the wars of the first half of the 20th century, the liberation of his native island, the rebellions and disillusionment, the despair and hope that followed World War II. No wonder so many of his stories are dominated by conflicting emotions and powerful contrasts. An ardent young patriot, who twice volunteered for war service and fought in the Balkan Wars, the campaign to Asia Minor, and also served as a reporter at the Albanian front, Myrivilis was no less a revolutionary idealist, a supporter of demotike and a pro-Venizelist, eventually to become known as one of the greatest prose writers of modern Greece.
The collection consists of personal documents, manuscripts, papers delivered on various occasions, correspondence, newspaper clippings and a press collection, including newspapers that Myrivilis himself published or directed and underground press that circulated during the German Occupation.
Quantity: 4.20 linear meters
Gift of Kaiti Myrivili, Haris and Eleni Myrivili and Drosoula Angelopoulou, 1999
Elias Papademetrakopoulos is a distinguished novelist and essay writer. He was born in Pyrgos in 1930. He was trained as a doctor at the Military Medical School of the University of Thessaloniki (1949-1955). His first novel under the title “Οι φρακασάνες” was published in the journal Αργώ of Kavalla in 1962 under a pseudonym. He published his works in several literary journals (Σκαπτή Ύλη, Ταχυδρόμος, Διάλογος, etc). He has been translated in French. The collection consists of correspondence between Elias Petropoulos and Papademetrakopoulos, material about Petropoulos, and a number of photos taken by Elias Petropoulos at Pyrgos in 1974. Finally, the collection includes articles and manuscripts of Elias Papademetrakopoulos. The correspondence is not accessible until 2017.
Gift of Elias Papademetrakopoulos, 2006
A doctor by training and a member of the Greek parliament since 1933, Georgios Papaioannou was the leader of the Trichonis sub-division of EDES (the prefecture of Trichonis is located in the area of Aetoloacarnania). After the end of the Greek Civil War, he served as mayor of Agrinion and member of the Greek Parliament. Part of his archive was published in 1999 (V. Lamnatos, Ανέκδοτα Ιστορικά Κείμενα της Εθνικής Αντιστάσεως του Γεωργίου Παπαϊωάννου), but the archive also contains a considerable amount of unpublished material. In addition to the papers relating to the Civil War, the archive also includes information about the recognition of the EDES guerilla fighters during the dictatorship in 1969. Other material includes many photographs from the mountains showing guerillas of EDES, various reports by Napoleon Zervas, the leader of EDES, correspondence between Papaioannou and British major G. McAdam, several issues of local newspapers (Παναιτωλική, Αχελώος, Χρόνος) from the 1950-1960s referring to the rivalry between ELAS and EDES, but also to internal disputes between the guerilla fighters of EDES (Papaioannou vs. Stelios Choutas, Papaioannou vs. Antonis Papapandoleon). Gift of Olga Patsiou, Demetra Papaioannou, and Nadia Tzevelekou, 2010
Yorgis Paulopoulos (1924-2008) belongs to the first post-war generation of poets and along with a number of other poets and novelists all born in Eleia, such as Takis Sinopoulos, Nikos Kachtitses and Elias Papademetrakopoulos, they form an interesting group of intellectuals bound with strong ties of friendship. Paulopoulos, a respected figure in the modern Greek literary scene and a poet associated with George Seferis, had a trivial job in the local bus company and lived all his life in his home-town Pyrgos. The impact of nearby ancient Olympia, which he had visited thousands of times as he himself says in one of his interviews, and the Eleian landscape, especially the rivers Ladon, Alpheios and Erymanthos, is evident in his work. He published his first poems in 1943 in the journal Odysseas of Pyrgos and ever since published over six collections of poems, the most recent posthumously under the title Να μην τους ξεχάσω (Kedros 2008). His most famous collections, The Cellar, The Passkeys and A Little Sand, were translated into English, the first by Peter Levi, the others by Darlene Fife. Seferis described the poetry of Paulopoulos as being effective without any ornaments (‘ψιμύθια’). Paulopoulos collaborated with his friend Takis Sinopoulos in writing jointly experimental poetry. Like Sinopoulos, he was an amateur painter and had participated in a panhellenic art show. Yorgis Paulopoulos died on 26 November 2008. His papers at the Gennadius Library consist of correspondence with George Seferis and Nikos Kachtitses, as well as various typescripts of their work in progress given to Paulopoulos. Seferis’ letters to Paulopoulos date from 1962 to 1971 and provide evidence for a warm relationship. Kachtitses’ letters to Paulopoulos cover the period from 1952 to 1967 and are written from Athens, Cameroon and Montreal where Kachtitses finally settled. There are also typewritten manuscripts of Kachtitses’ books with handwritten corrections, among which the best known is Ο Ήρωας της Γάνδης published in 1967. Paulopoulos’ own notes on Kachtitses’ work are an important addition to the collection.
Gift of Yorgis Paulopoulos, 2004 and 2006.
Catalogue: V. Kalantzopoulou, Archeio D. Petrokokkinou (1861-1941), The New Griffon, v. 3, 1992, pp. 3-7.
Letters and postcards written from Y. Psycharis (1900-20), P. Vlastos (1920-40), and I.N. Mavrkordatos (1932-40) to Petrokokkinos regarding literary, linguistic and publishing issues; bills, receipts, and catalogues.
Quantity: 1 folder
Gift of the heirs of D.P. Petrokokkinos, 1944
Elias Petropoulos is well-known from his books on the "rebetika" music, the Greek "underworld," the traditional Greek art, etc. The collection includes his correspondence, original drawings by the author and other well-known Greek painters used for the illustration of his books, handwritten sheet music and lyrics of 1250 rebetika songs, photographs of musicians and singers, musical instruments, and other objects. See also Natalia Vogeikoff, "The Papers of Elias Petropoulos," The New Griffon. New Series 1, Athens: Gennadius Library 1996.
Quantity: 12 linear meters
Gift of Elias Petropoulos, 1974-2003. Gift of Mary Koukoule, 2008
Politician and Prime Minister of Greece. Pipinelis studied law and served for many years as a diplomat in various Greek embassies and as Ambassador to Budapest (1936) and Sophia (1940). He became Minister of Foreign Affairs in the period 1947-1950. In 1952, Pipinelis became the permanent representative of Greece in NATO. In 1963 he was appointed Prime Minister of Greece by Queen Frederika, a position which he kept for a short time. His political career is characterized by his devotion to the royal family. In addition to his political career, Pipinelis wrote several books on the political history of Greece, such as "The Political History of the Greek Revolution" (1928), "The History of the Foreign Policy of Greece" (1948), and "Greece’s International Position and Social Problems" (1956).
The collection consists of political speeches, memoranda, interviews, and notes on issues of Greek internal and external affairs.
Quantity: 0.15 linear meter
Gift of his widow, 1974
Vangelis Raptopoulos has been characterized as “the most creative, the most passionate writer of his generation.” He is also considered to be the pioneer of the “1980s generation.” He first published in 1979 (In Pieces) when he was only 20 years old, and established himself as one of Greece’s most promising authors. His next two publications Toll Gates (1982) and The Cicadas completed a trilogy-team portrait of his generation. The Cicadas also came out in English. To date Raptopoulos has published 20 books, including The Incredible Story of Pope Joan (2000), a medieval novel about the only woman in history that became a Pope [inspired by Emmanuel Rhoides’ Pope Joan (Πάπισσα Ιωάννα) written in 1866], My Own America (2002) writing about his “journey” to contemporary American mass and serious literature, and The Great Sand (2007) a novel about Greece that disappears and changes. The Bachelor (1993) was adapted for Greek cinema, and Toll Gates for television.
The collection consists of first and second editions of the author's books, manuscripts, critiques, newspaper clippings, and audio-visual material.
Quantity: 4.38 linear meter
Gift of Vangelis Raftopoulos, 2012
Kleon Rizos-Rangavis was born in Athens in 1842 and died in Nice in 1917. After studying law in Berlin and Heidelberg, Rangavis served as diplomat in Washington, D.C., St. Petersburg, and Vienna, before being appointed Greece’s Ambassador to Sophia. Rangavis is especially known for his literary interests.
The collection consists of manuscripts and translations of the author’s literary works, correspondence, newspaper clippings with reviews of his work, programmes, contracts, and posters.
Quantity: 0.30 linear meter
Gift of Alexander Rizos-Rangavis, 1972
Rovertos Saragas was a dancer and choreographer. He was born in Rethymon, Crete in 1927 and was raised in Athens. He received his formal training and made his first appearances in Athens. In 1946 he earned a British government scholarship to study at the Saddlers Wells Theatre but he was not able to leave Greece for political reasons. In 1952 he went to Germany where he studied under the directions of Weigman. He also studied with Idzickovski in London. He made several appearances in Europe and collaborated with the Mary Wigman Studio, the Lamda Theatre in London, with actress Dorothy Tutin, and with the Stratford Royal Shakespeare Company. Finally, Saragas taught at the famous R.A.D.A Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London, where he taught, produced and directed among others the following plays: ‘The Trojan Women’, ‘Agamemnon’, Bacchae’, ‘Oedipus Rex’. He also conducted experimental work on ancient Greek plays with the Stratford Royal Shakespeare Company and made several appearances on TV. Saragas died in his London home from a heart attack on 26 February 1979. The collection consists of correspondence, notes, photographs, tapes, posters and newspapers clippings. The collection is not processed.
Family correspondence, photographs of family members, etc. Now stored with the library’s manuscripts (MSS 560).
Quantity: 70 documents
Bought from K. Vlasopoulos, 1969
The Heinrich Schliemann Papers contain diaries, correspondence, manuscripts, personal documents, photographs, economic documents and registers, expenditure books, scrapbooks, and newspaper clippings, which belonged to the famous German archaeologist and excavator of Troy and Mycenae. In addition to the Heinrich Schliemann Papers, there are two adjunct collections of papers, the Sophia Schliemann Papers and the Heinrich Schliemann Family Papers. On the history of the Schliemann papers, see also S. A. H. Kennell, “Schliemann and his Papers: A Tale from the Gennadeion Archives,” Hesperia 76:4 (2007), pp. 785-817 [http://www.ascsa.edu.gr/index.php/publications/Hesperia/]; and D. F. Easton, "The Schliemann Papers," Annual of the British School of Archaeology 77 (1982), pp. 93-110.
Quantity: 14.5 linear meters
Bought from Schliemann heirs, 1936, 1962-1966
George Seferis was born in Smyrna in 1900 and moved to Athens when he was fourteen. He studied law in Paris (1918-1924), and joined the Greek diplomatic service in 1926. From 1957 to 1962 he served as Greece’s Ambassador in London. His first collection of poetry, "Turning Point," was published in 1931. In 1963, he was awarded the Nobel prize for Literature. His poetic writings include Mythistorema, three collections under the title "Log-Book" (I-III), "Novel", and the "Three Secret Poems." Seferis who belongs to the so-called “Generation of Thirties”, is also a distinguished essayist, diarist and translator.
The collection contains manuscripts (poetry and prose), translations of his works, documents pertaining to his diplomatic career, correspondence (family, personal, congratulations on the Nobel Prize, obituaries, etc.), texts by friends and acquaintances, personal papers, awards, and newspaper clippings. See Table of Contents.
Quantity: 10.80 linear meters
Gift of Maro Seferi, 1972, 1996
One of the most admired and honored Greek poets, Takis Sinopoulos (1917-1981), a doctor by profession, has based his poetry on his traumatic experience of the Italian War (1940-1941), the German-Italian occupation (1941-1944) and the Greek Civil War (1945-1949). According to Kimon Friar, who has translated into English a selection of poems, under the title Landscape of Death, Sinopoulos in all his poetry “remained obsessed by the cataclysmic events of those years… The world is depicted as a ravaged land of black cypress trees, inhabited by the ‘wandering dead,’ where the sea has turned to stone…” His poetic collections include Midpoint (1951), Cantos (1953), Acquaintance with Max (1956), Night and Counterpoint (1959), Deathfeast (1972), Chronicle (1975), etc. Composer Mikis Theodorakis has made some of Sinopoulos poetry into songs. His papers at the Gennadius Library include manuscripts, correspondence and personal belongings. The collection is not processed.
Bequeathed by Maria Sinopoulou, 1990
Stephanos Skouloudis, a successful businessman and one of the co-founders of the Bank of Constantinople, became involved in Greek politics after he moved to Athens in 1876. With the outbreak of the Eastern Crisis Skouloudis was appointed as the Greek delegate in the negotiations with the Albanians. This was the starting point of a memorable political career. A close friend, political and personal, of Charilaos Trikoupis served in Trikoupis’ cabinets as Minister of Education, and Minister of Marine. Under Dimitrios Rallis’ government he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs. At the peak of his career, in the midst of the Great War and the big crisis in the Greek political scene with the severance in the relations of King Constantine and Eleftherios Venizelos, Skouloudis was summoned by the King to head the government for a short period of time (1915-1916). This was his last service to his country. He died in August 19, 1928 in Athens. Skouloudis was an ardent lover of the arts and a very important collector. After his death he donated his collection of paintings to the National Gallery. He was also a philanthropist throughout his life. One of his most eminent donations was the creation of the Opthalmological Clinic at Baloukli in Constantinople.
The papers include Skouloudis’ official correspondence, scrapbooks of press cuttings, and books from his private library. They provide a wealth of information for the political career of Skouloudis and modern Greek history in the last part of the 19th century and the first quarter of the 20th. Skouloudis was the founder of the Lake Compais Company Ltd (1883), which undertook the project of the drainage of the Copais Lake in the late 19th century.
Eleftheria Daleziou has prepared the finding-aid of the collection (a small part of the collection related to the Lake Copais was catalogued by researchers N. Melios and A. Papadopoulos in 1989).
Quantity: 6.20 linear meters
Gift of G. Athenogenni, 1986
Panagis Skouzes (1776-1847), one of the first members of the Philike Etaireia, supplied the first Greek army with guns for the War of Independence of 1821, on his own expenses. Georgios Skouzes (1811-1884), son of Panagis, was originally involved in commerce in Trieste, but later participated in the establishment of the National Bank of Greece, the Ionian-Industrial Bank, and the Athens-Peiraeus Railway Company.
The collection consists of legal and commercial documents of the Skouze commercial firm, notes on architecture, periodicals, and newspapers.
Quantity: 0.10 linear meter
Gift of Marietta and Helen Grypari, 1962-63
Catalogue: Eleni Phournaraki, Archeio Athanasiou Soulioti-Nikolaidi. Athens: Gennadius Library, 1992.
Athanasios Souliotis, an army officer who taught Geography in the Cadett Academy, participated in the Macedonian Struggle under the name Nikolaidis. In 1908, together with Ion Dragoumis, they established the so-called secret organization of Constantinople. Souliotis partcipated in the Balkan Wars and saved Thessaloniki by warning the Greeks of the impending invasion of the Bulgarians. In 1934, Souliotis was elected head of the Nome of Florina, while in 1935, he was elected General Commander of Thrace.
The collection consists of personal correspondence; manuscripts (memoirs, historical treatises, literary texts); documents relating to the public offices Souliotis held; newspaper clippings; and a photographic collection of the Macedonian Struggle, the Balkan Wars, and the Campaign to Asia Minor.
Quantity: 2.40 linear meters
Gift of Sophia Soulioti, 1973
American journalist, author of Phoenix with a bayonet; a journalis’s interim report on the Greek Revolution (1971). During the 1950’s he worked as officer in Berlin and in London while being a freelance reporter for Newsweek and BBC. In 1964 he moved to Greece being the Greek, Cyprus and Turkey correspondent of ABC Radio News and the West German Radio and TV. His papers contain information (correspondence, magnetic tapes, maps, and photographs) concerning the publication of Phoenix with a Bayonet and the creation of a film on the Battle of Crete in WW2. Stockton also collected information on the history of the famous Athenian hotel Great Bretagne. Returning to the U.S. in 1980, Stockton freelanced in San Francisco, mostly for British media, until he settled in Santa Barbara. There he was copy-editor on the Santa Barbara News-Press; and, for three years, Associated Press award-winning commentator, host and reviewer for a local radio station.
Letters of Dorothy Sutton, member of the Near East Relief, from Constantinople, South Russia, Greece (Loutraki, Kephallonia, Syros, Thessaloniki) to her family in the United States, referring to what she and the Near East Relief were doing for refugees and orphans (1920-26).
Quantity: 2 folders
Gift of Alice H. Schell, 1984
Distinguished novelist and playwright Angelos Terzakis was one of the main representatives of the innovative ‘generation of the thirties’, an influential group of writers that opened new grounds in literary experiment in the 1930s. Terzakis’ interests lie between broader historical and moral issues, as well as traditional values and the agonizing questions that torment the individual. The words of one of his heroes, Michalis Paradisis in the novel Without a God, who talks about the feeling that he belonged to a generation that had been sacrificed probably reflect Terzakis’ own concerns. The settings of Terzakis’ novels range from contemporary urban life, to the historical past, to the 13th century Peloponnese . Princess Izambo (1938/1945) is the most widely known and translated of Terzakis’ novels. Other novels by Terzakis include Without a God (1951) and The Secret Life (1957). Terzakis also wrote short stories, essays and newspaper serials and translated into Greek plays, poems and novels. His first collection of short stories was published in 1925. His plays, including Thomas with Two Souls, have been produced both in Greece and abroad (United States and Germany), while his historical dramas Emperor Michael (1936) and Theophano (1948) made an impact when performed in the 1950s and again in the 1970s. Furthermore, Terzakis’ career is highlighted by his involvement in editing literary periodicals, writing theater criticism and philological essays in the newspaper Vima and teaching history of drama at the Drama School of the National Theatre of Greece.
Terzakis also served as secretary and director of the National Theater of Greece for several years, as well as director of the Drama School of that institution. He was honored with various prizes and in 1974 he was elected a member of the Greek Academy of Arts and Sciences.
The collection consists of manuscripts, personal documents, correspondence and newspaper clippings (chronological range: 1927-1978). The catalogue (in Greek) has been prepared by Leda Costaki.
Quantity: 4.26 m linear meters
Gift of Dimitris Terzakis, 2001
The papers of historian Spyridon Theotokis, brother of the novelist Konstantinos Theotokis, contain research material concerning his study of the history and genealogy of the Ionian Islands and Crete under the Venetian rule. Documents from the Records of the Ionian Senate, which Spyridon Theotokis directed from 1912 to 1935.
Quantity: 1 folder.
Gift of Th. Frangopoulos, 1968.
The life and career of Constantine Tsatsos are tightly interlinked with the history of modern Greece in the 20th century. He played an active role in major historical events from the end of World War I to the fall of the military junta in 1974. Distinguished professor of law at the University of Athens and a member of the Athens Academy (1961), he published several philosophical treatises, biographies of Eleutherios Venizelos and Konstantinos Karamanlis, as well as translations of Cicero and Demosthenes. Tsatsos, the elusive “Mr. Ypsilon” in Henry Miller’s Colossus of Maroussi, is also known for his literary work, especially his poetic collections. He held various political posts since 1945 (Minister of Interior, Minister of Press, Minister of Education). In 1956 he joined ERE and thereafter was elected member of parliament in all elections, serving as Minister in various ministries under the Karamanlis governments. In June 1975, Constantine Tsatsos was elected President of the Hellenic Republic (1975-1980). During his long political and academic career he received many honors and awards from various institutions in Greece and abroad. In 1930, Constantine Tsatsos married Ioanna Seferiadi, the daughter of renowned Law Professor Stylianos Seferiades and sister of poet and Nobel laureate George Seferis. Ioanna Tsatsou was born in Smyrna and studied law at the University of Athens. During the German Occupation she was an active member of an organization for the rescue of British soldiers and of organizations devoted to the welfare of children. During 1950-51 she was a leader in the struggle for female suffrage. She is the author of a number of books, among which My Brother George Seferis and Φύλλα Κατοχής are the most known. She also wrote poems and contributed articles on public issues. The collection is complemented by the Seferiades Family Papers (manuscripts, correspondence and personal documents of Stylianos & Angelos Seferiades) as well as letters of George Seferis to his family. The C. & I. Tsatsos Papers consist of manuscripts (academic and literary works), personal and official documents, personal and professional correspondence, translations of works, photographs, audiovisual material and newspaper clippings. We are in the process of cataloguing the collection, however access is permitted upon request. A first inventory was carried out under the supervision of Mrs. D. Tsatsou-Mylona, while the final catalogue (in Greek) is being prepared by Leda Costaki.
Quantity: ca 38 linear meters
Gift of Mrs. Despoina Tsatsou-Mylonas & Mr. Yiorgos Symeonides, 2008
Emmanuel Tsouderos studied law and economics. From 1906 on he was elected several times as a member of the Greek Parliament. From 1919 to 1929 he represented Greece in many international meetings on commercial, economical issues and on issues concerning the national debt. He served as Minister of Transportation (1924) and Minister of Economy (1924) before becoming Deputy President of the Bank of Greece (1925), and President (1931-1939), when he was dismissed by the Metaxas government. In April 1941 he was entrusted by King George II with the formation of a government which became the Greek government-in-exile during World War II. After the war he was appointed Minister of Coordination and Minister of Interior.
The collection consists of official documents pertaining to foreign policy during World War II; periodicals and newspapers pertinant to the Cretan Revolutionary movement in 1905 and the Batttle of Crete in 1941; and underground press of the Resistance during the German occupation and the Civil War.
Quantity: 0.88 linear meter
Gift of Emmanuel I. Tsouderos, 1948-1954
Born in Kavala in 1935, novelist Vasilis Vasilikos gained international fame when his novel “Z” became a successful film in 1969, directed by Costas Gavras. “Z” was also translated in 32 languages. Vasilikos has written more than 90 books (novels, short, stories, theater) and also served as Greece’s Ambassador in UNESCO (1996-2004). His early papers have been deposited at the Mugar Library of Boston University. In 2002, the author deposited the rest of his personal papers at the Vovolini Archive, where historian Georgia Panselina and archivist Michalis Sovolos undertook its processing and cataloguing. In 2012, Alexandra Vovolini and Vasilis Vasilikos donated the Vasilikos papers to the Archives of the Gennadius Library. The collection contains correspondence (about 2,000 incoming letters from important figures like Mikis Theodorakis, Manos Hatzidakis, Marguerite Duras, Mario Vitti, James Merrill, etc.); manuscripts and proofs with corrections by the author; translations; newspaper clippings about the work and life of the author; personal photographs (about 3,000); and audio-visual material. The collection is being processed; not available for research yet.
Quantity: 7 linear meters
Gift of Vasilis Vasilikos and Alexandra Vovolini, 2012
Kostas Varnalis, poet, prose writer and critic, was born in Pyrgos, Eastern Rumelia (now Burgas, Bulgaria). He studied classics at the University of Athens and spent his most creative years as a writer in France. Along with his contemporaries N. Kazantzakis and A. Sikelianos, Varnalis bridges the Generation of Palamas with the Generation of the Thirties. His papers are an invaluable resource for the study of the Inter-war years, a crucial period for modern Greek history and literature. The ingenious deconstruction of ancient Greek tradition combined with the humanistic ideals of social freedom and justice make Varnalis an exceptional and revolutionary literary figure. His most famous works include The Burning Light (1922), Slaves Besieged (1927), The True Apology of Socrates (1931) and the important critical study Solomos without metaphysics (1925). He was awarded the Lenin prize for peace in 1959. The collection consists of manuscripts (poems, prose, essays, translations, notebooks), articles in newspapers and journals, correspondence, photographs, printed material of interest to Varnalis, newspaper clippings and publications on Varnalis and his work. The donation includes a large number of books, all of which belonged to Varnalis’ personal book collection. The collection is processed and available for study. The catalogue has been published by Theano Michaelidou in The New Griffon 2010.
Quantity: 10.13 linear meters
Gift of Eugenia Varnali, 2001
Theodore Vavayannis, a student and assistant of composer and conductor Dimitri Mitropoulos, became the Principal Conductor of the Athens State Orchestra and was awarded the position of the General Director. The Vavayannis Papers include photographs from his professional life from 1925 to 1988, documents from his concert performances in Greece and abroad, contracts, concert programs, newspaper clippings, critics, honorary awards and correspondence. There are also musical scores, books and magazines with references to Vavayannis and Mitropoulos.
Quantity: 1.20 linear meters
Gift of Hypatia Vavayanni, 2000
Elias Venezis (1904-1973) is a well-known Greek prose writer, who belongs to the so-called 1930 Generation (Η γενιά του ’30). His novels and short stories reflect his horrible experiences of cruelty before and after the Asia Minor Disaster (1922). His first book, Number 31328, published in 1931, is the chronicle of Venezis’ fourteen months spent as a “slave laborer” in Anatolia, rebuilding what had been destroyed during the war between the Greeks and the Turks. In a later novel, the Aeolic Earth (1943), Venezis recounted his childhood in his native Aeolia. Lawrence Durell, in his preface to the English edition of Αιολική Γη (Beyond the Aegean) considered Venezis “to be together with Myrivilis one of the greatest Greek novelists of to-day”. The papers of Elias Venezis consist of personal (including Venezis’ letters from the prison) and professional correspondence (correspondence with publishers and critics), unpublished radio speeches (from his career at the National Greek Radio), and newspaper clippings. The collection is being processed.
Quantity: 7 linear meters
Gift of Anna Venezi-Kosmetatou, 2010
Letters of the first President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), Demetrios Vikelas, to Mme Nathaliel Johnston, née Karatza and to her daughter Aikaterini Johnston. The letters contain information about the Liberation of Crete and other parts of Greece under Turkish occupation (1897- 1908).
Quantity: Thirty-nine (39) letters
Gift of N. Johnston, 1970
The 2656 files of the Great Greek Biographical Dictionary contain data collected by journalist and politician Constantine A. Vovolinis (1913-1970) with the intention to write biographical essays of people active in Greek public life in the late 19th and the largest part of the 20th century. His brother Spyros A. Vovolinis (1910-1995), journalist and publisher of Industrial Review, undertook the publication of the Biographical Dictionary. Although the publication ceased after the appearance of the first five volumes (1958-1962), C. Vovolinis continued to collect data for some more years in order to complete the Archive. In 1997, Margarita Dritsa with the collaboration of Georgia M. Panselina published the first volume of the Biographical Dictionary’s catalogue (Το Αρχείο Κωνσταντίνου Αντ. Βοβολίνη, Αθήνα 1997). The full catalogue of the Archive (processed and catalogued by Georgia Panselina), with more than 10.000 entries, is available both at our site (click on the title of this entry) and at the site of Economia Publishing. With such data available, the Archive of the Biographical Dictionary is one of the most important sources of biographical information existing in Greece.
Quantity: 14 linear meters
Gift of Alexandra Vovolini, 2012
Letters from George Constantin, pastor of the Church of the Evangelists in Greece, to Waterman Thomas Hewett, professor of German at Cornell University. The collection also includes letters by Vlasios Chrysikopoulos, Director of the National Library in Greece, and Artemis Kallergis.
Quantity: Forty (40) documents.
Gift of H. W. Hewett-Thayer, 1946.
The Rev. William Aigner Wigram was appointed in 1902 by the Archbishop of Canterbury to head his mission to the Assyrian Christians in Kurdistan. He also offered his services in Constantinople and Mesopotamia. In 1922 he became chaplain to the British Legation in Athens, where he actively participated to the relief of the Greek refugees from Asia Minor. In 1928 he was appointed to a canonry in Malta. His papers contain photographs of his participation, to the ‘Hellenic Travel’ of Sir Henry Lunn, obituaries and letters of condolences.
Quantity: 1 box
Donated to the Gennadius Library in 1988