Panagiotis Karkanas, is the director of the Malcolm H. Weiner Laboratory for Archaeological Science at the American School of Classical Studies in Athens. For more than 20 years, Karkanas served as senior geologist in the Ephorate of Palaeoanthropology-Speleology in the Antiquities Service of Greece. He holds bachelor's and doctoral degrees in geology from University of Athens. He has served as associate editor for the Journal of Human Evolution and currently for the journal Geoarchaeology. He has carried out geoarchaeological research in archaeological sites of almost all cultural periods and associated landscapes in Greece and has participated in international geoarchaeological projects in South Africa, China, Israel, France, Spain, Hungary, Albania and Cyprus. His research interests encompass all aspects of geoarchaeology including site-formation processes (stratigraphy, soil and sediment micromorphology, post-depositional chemical alterations), palaeoenvironmental reconstructions, and techniques and methods related to petrography, mineralogy, sedimentary analysis, chemical analysis and provenance studies.