Eutresis Excavation Records

Αρχείο Ανασκαφών Εύτρησης


COLLECTION OVERVIEW

Collection Number: GR ASCSA ExcRec 009
Name of Creator(s): Hetty Goldman (1881-1972), John Caskey (1909-1981)
Title: Eutresis Excavation Records
Date(s): 1924-1927, 1958
Language(s): English
Summary: Excavations at the site of Eutresis were originally conducted by Hetty Goldman (1924-1927), and later re-examined by John L. Caskey (1958, University of Cincinnati). Although Goldman had noticed the mound of Eutresis already in 1911, she was not able to excavate the site until 1924 after her major undertakings at Halae and Colophon. Eutresis was the only of Goldman’s major excavations not to be interrupted by war. Small supplementary excavation took place in 1958 under the direction of J.L. Caskey. The Eutresis Excavation Records contain field notebooks, architectural plans, photos and glass lanterns. In 2004 and 2015 the collection was supplemented by material donated by Bryn Mawr College, Department of Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology from H. Goldman’s 1924-1927 excavations of the site, mostly photographs and glass lantern slides (Acc # 2004.08 and 2015.01).
Quantity: 0.18 linear meters
Immediate Source of Acquisition: Hetty Goldman, John Caskey
Information about Access: Please contact the ASCSA Archivist for information.
Cite As: American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Archives, Eutresis Excavation Records (Αμερικανική Σχολή Κλασικών Σπουδών στην Αθήνα, Αρχείο Ανασκαφών Εύτρησης)
Finding Aid's Permanent URL: http://eutresis-excavation-records
Notes: For additional information about the Eutresis excavations, see also the collections in the Archives and Special Collections of the Department of Classics at the University of Cincinnati: https://classics.uc.edu/images/archives/eutresisfinding-aidweb.pdf


CONTAINER LIST

BOX 1

- Excavation Notebooks:
1. Eutresis I (GEN): excavation notebook by J. L. Caskey, “Supplementary excavation at Eutresis,” September 1958
2. Eutresis II: excavation notebook by E. G. Caskey, 2 sketches on tracing paper in back pocket.
3. Eutresis 1958 Pottery notebook
4. Eutresis 1958 Miscellaneous Objects notebook
- Microfilm reel of Eutresis 1958 notebooks
- Eutresis 1958 excavation album (JLC): excavation black & white photos (site and objects, numbered and labelled)

BOX 2

Folder 1
- “Eutresis 1958”: three-ring binder (7 pages) with excavation black & white photos (site and objects), labelled, both published and unpublished; at the back, an unpublished watercolor drawing of an EH II (VIIIA) bowl with foot [P23] by [Grace] Muscarella.

Folder 2
[Acc#2004.08]
Photographs of the pottery from the excavation of Eutresis. Most of them have the figure numbers featuring in the publication, but some are unnumbered. They are arranged according to the first figure number each photograph carries. No negatives are included.
Envelope 1:
Fig. # 91, 129, pl.IX-2 (two copies)
Fig. # 95, 154, 212, 127
Fig. # 97
Fig. # 98, 101, 124 (2), 152 (1-3) (two copies)
Fig. # 99 (1, 2, 3)
Fig. # 102
Fig. # 105-106
Fig. # 108

Envelope 2:
Fig. # 118 (two copies)
Fig. # 120, 122, 161 (two copies)
Fig. # 123
Fig. # 126
Fig. # 126 (2)
Fig. # 128
Fig. # 131
Fig. # 132
Fig. # 134
Fig. # 137

Envelope 3:
Fig. # 140
Fig. # 143 (two copies)
Fig. # 146
Fig. # 153 (two copies)
Fig. # 157 (two copies)
Fig. # 150 (two copies)
Fig. # 171
Fig. # 174 (three copies)
Fig. # 184 (1, 3), 187 (2), 194 (1)
Fig. # 187, 194 (2), 184 (2, 3, 4)
Fig. # 187 (1), 160, 227
Fig. # 193
Fig. # 195, 183 (11, 12, 13) (two copies)

Folder 3
Envelope 4:
Fig. # 206 (1, 2, 3)
Fig. # 206 (6), 167
Fig. # 207 (two copies)
Fig. # 211
Fig. # 212
Fig. # 213, 193
Fig. # 217, 217 detail
Fig. # 220, 209
Fig. # 228, 215 (two copies)
Fig. # 229 (two copies)

Envelope 5:
Fig. # 230
Fig. # 232 (two copies)
Fig. # 232 (2)
Fig. # 244
Fig. # 245
Fig. # 248, 196
Fig. # 249 (two copies)
Fig. # 250 (two copies)
Fig. # 256, 104
Fig. # 258 (1, 2, 3, 5, 8)
Fig. # 263 (5)
Fig. # 264
Fig. # 323 (2), 261 (2, 3)
Fig. # 323

Envelope 6:
Fifteen unnumbered photographs, some in two copies.

Folder 4
Correspondence between J. L. Caskey and Eva Hanschmann, May 1969 [note: found with Kea records]

BOX 3

[Acc# 2015.1]
Glass Lantern Slides of landscapes, pottery, excavation trenches, jewelry, metal finds, sculpture.
The following lantern slides were found in boxes that were labeled “Eutresis” (at Bryn Mawr College). The slides, apparently used for lectures, are generally not labeled and give little to no information. A few slides may have been placed erroneously in the Eutresis boxes, depicting other sites. The slides appear to be from the period 1925 to 1927. All lantern slides are in black and white; several are black and white photographs of watercolors by Piet de Jong.

1. View of the site of Eutresis from the southwest; published in Goldman 1927, p. 6, fig. 1; Goldman 1931, p. 3, fig. 1 [broken]
2. Assemblage (9 pieces) of Early Helladic pottery sherds: incised and highly polished wares; published in Goldman 1927, p. 11, fig. 5; Goldman 1931, p. 78, fig. 91.
3. Assemblage (7 pieces) of Early Helladic I pottery found on the floor of House I, Eutresis; published in Goldman 1927, p. 17, fig. 11; Goldman 1931, p. 94, fig. 117.
4. Assemblage (6 pieces) of Early Helladic II pottery found at Eutresis; published in Goldman 1927, p. 18, fig. 12; Goldman 1931, p. 98, fig. 126.
5. Bull vase (rhyton) from the floor of Room III of House L, Eutresis, Early Helladic II; published in Goldman 1927, p. 23, fig. 18.
6. Nearer view of Brick Column in House H, Eutresis; published in Goldman 1927, p. 32, fig. 26.
7. A black and white photograph, possibly from watercolors by Piet de Jong; two incised vases found at Eutresis, probably imported from Melos. Top: a duck shaped askos and bottom: an elongated animal-shaped askos, Middle Helladic; published in Goldman 1927, p. 43, fig. 34. For the watercolor of the animal-shaped askos by Piet de Jong, see Goldman 1931, pl. XII, top [lower right corner broken]
8. Assemblage (6 pieces) of Middle Helladic pottery, grey Minyan ware, found at Eutresis; published in Goldman 1927, p. 55, fig. 44.
9. Assemblage (4 pieces) of Middle Helladic pottery, grey Minyan ware, found at Eutresis; see Goldman 1927, p. 55, fig. 45.
10. View of walls of different periods found at the site of Eutresis, Early Helladic II and III, Middle Helladic, and Late Helladic periods; published in Goldman 1927, p. 19, fig. 14.
11. Clay disk on the floor of Room III/Floor III of House L, Eutresis, Early Helladic II; published in Goldman 1927, p. 22, fig. 17. For a different view of the clay disk see: Goldman 1931 p. 19, fig. 16.
12. View of the doorway of House H, Eutresis, Early Helladic III; published in Goldman 1927, p. 31, fig. 23; Goldman 1931, p. 22, fig. 20.
13. View of the ash-pit of House H, Eutresis, Early Helladic III; published in Goldman 1927, p. 31, fig. 24; Goldman 1931, p. 24, fig. 24.
14. Plan of building O, Eutresis, possibly used as a stable for animals, Early Helladic III; published in: Goldman 1927, p. 35, fig. 29, left.
15. View of the remains of building N of Eutresis, from the east, possibly used as a stable for animals; published in Goldman 1927, p. 35, fig. 28; Goldman 1931, p. 29, fig. 30.
16. Assemblage (8 pieces) of Middle Helladic pottery fragments, linear designs in white matt paint on red; published in Goldman 1927, p. 40, fig. 31.
17. Two views of a duck vase from Eutresis, Middle Helladic, matt-painted ware (dark lines on light surface); published in Goldman 1927, p. 47, fig. 36. See also: Goldman 1931, p. 160, fig. 223 (profile view, from a drawing or watercolor?).
18. View of a matt-painted vase with handle and spout from Eutresis, Middle Helladic period; published in Goldman 1927, p. 48, fig. 37.
19. Assemblage (6 pieces) of matt-painted pottery from Eutresis, Middle Helladic period; published in Goldman 1927, p. 51, fig. 40.
20. Assemblage (11 pieces) of matt-painted pottery and sherds from Eutresis, Middle Helladic period; published in Goldman 1927, p. 52, fig. 41.
21. A matt-painted pithos, dark lines on a light fabric, front view, Middle Helladic period. A photograph (cropped) was published in: Goldman 1927, p. 53, fig. 42, left.
22. Unpublished black and white photograph of a matt-painted pithos, side view, Middle Helladic. A photograph of the pithos was published in Goldman 1927, p. 53, figs. 42-43. The lantern slide image was not published; it depicts the side of the pithos illustrated in a drawing by Piet de Jong, see: Goldman 1931, pl. XIII.
23. Unpublished black and white photograph of a matt-painted pithos on display in the Thebes Museum, ca. 1927, Middle Helladic. The image on the lantern slide was not published. Photographs of this pithos appear in: Goldman 1927, p. 53, figs. 42-43. See also: Goldman 1931, pl. XIII.
24. Assemblage (5 pieces) of Middle Helladic pottery, in a variety of shapes and fabrics. A photograph was published in: Goldman 1927, p. 56, fig. 46.
25. Unpublished black and white photograph. Assemblage (2 pieces) of Middle Helladic pottery: a yellow Minyan war goblet with matt-painted decoration and a yellow Minyan ware, shallow, two-handled cup with decoration in black and red matt paint. Images of the pottery are published in: Goldman 1927, p. 58, fig. 48. See also Goldman 1931, p. 169, fig. 238 and pl. XVII. The image on the lantern slide is not published.
26. Assemblage (5 pieces) of domestic pottery, found at Eutresis, Middle Helladic. A photograph was published in: Goldman 1927, p. 58, fig. 50.
27. Black and white photograph of a Piet de Jong watercolor; an assemblage (8 pieces) of miscellaneous objects found at Eutresis: carnelian chain, amulet or seal, steatite bezel or ring, soapstone pendant, grey Minyan clay bead, soapstone bead, steatite bead, sandstone pendant, Early and Middle Helladic. A black and white photograph of the watercolor was published in: Goldman 1927, p. 79, fig. 61. The Piet de Jong watercolor of the assemblage appears in: Goldman 1931, pl. XX.
28. View of the village of Parapoungia with Mt. Helikon in the distance. A photograph was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 4, fig. 2.
29. View of a disk of crude clay, possibly a mortar with stone implements to the right of it, Early Helladic III. A photograph was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 30, fig. 33.
30. View of clay construction (possibly an oven) in area G. A photograph was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 46, fig. 50.
31. View of House W at Eutresis with the hearth of House S at a lower level. A member of the excavation staff stands at the far right. A photograph (cropped) was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 55, fig. 60.
32. View of House D at Eutresis, Middle Helladic, with a Byzantine well in the foreground. A photograph was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 57, fig. 63.
33. View of the remains of an oven from the Middle Helladic period. A photograph was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 61, fig. 69.
34. View of a potsherd pavement at Eutresis of the Middle Helladic period. A photograph was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 63, fig. 70.
35. Plan of House K at Eutresis, from the west, Late Helladic. A photograph was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 67, fig. 76.
36. Assemblage (8 pieces) of pottery fragments, incised ware of Cycladic character, Early Helladic I. A photograph was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 81, fig. 97.
37. Assemblage (3 pieces) of Early Helladic pottery: 1) red-glazed pyxis (EH I); 2) globular jar with lug handle, slipped and polished ware (EJ I); 3) pyxis, slipped and polished ware (EH I). A photograph was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 87, fig. 102.
38. Black and white photograph of a globular jar with plastic rope ornament and numerous feet, Early Helladic II. A photograph was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 105, fig. 139.
39. Assemblage (5 pieces) of pottery from the floor of House H, Eutresis, Early Helladic III. A photograph was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 115, fig. 153.
40. Assemblage (8 pieces) of pottery sherds of varied decorative techniques found at Eutresis, Early Helladic III. A photograph was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 122, figs. 167 and 168.
41. Assemblage (7 pieces) of metal objects found at Eutresis: chisels, blade, awl, tweezers, hook, Early Helladic. A photograph was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 216, fig. 286.
42. Assemblage (4 pieces) of copper tools found in Pit V, Eutresis: trowel or spatula, blade, axe-adze, chisel, Early Helladic. A photograph was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 217, fig. 287.
43. Drawing (black and white) of bronze fragments from the summit of Eutresis; thin bronze sheets ornamented with oriental-style relief work (heraldic lions, sphinxes, running gorgon, lotus flowers, palmettes), Greek. The drawing was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 243, fig. 303a.
44. Black and white photograph of votive objects found on the south slope of Eutresis: four (4) “bells” made of pottery, Greek.  A photograph was published in: Goldman 1931, p. 263, fig. 320.2.
45. Unpublished black and white photograph. Two major pieces of sculpture found at Eutresis (the nude male torso and the seated female figure) in situ, before being fully excavated. Hellenic period. For a discussion and images of both pieces see: Goldman 1931, pp. 270-79, figs. 329-336.
46. Black and white photograph of a watercolor by Piet de Jong: a bowl with bands of lustrous paint, Early Helladic I. The watercolor was published in: Goldman 1931, pl. II.
47. Black and white photograph of a watercolor by Piet de Jong: two pottery bowls, polished ware, Early Helladic I; Eutresis 1927, p. 12, fig. 6 for the bottom bowl. The watercolor was published in: Goldman 1931, pl. V.
48. Black and white photograph of watercolor by Piet de Jong with two pieces of pottery. Top: a bull rhyton, from the floor of Room III, House L, Eutresis, Early Helladic II. Bottom: fragment of a bowl of fine slipped and polished ware, Early Helladic II. See: Goldman 1927, p. 23, fig. 18, for a photograph of the bull rhyton. The watercolor was published in: Goldman 1931, pl. VII.
49. Black and white photograph of a watercolor by Piet de Jong; a pottery tankard, light on dark patterned ware, Early Helladic III. The watercolor was published in: Goldman 1931, pl. VIII.
50. Black and white photograph of a red burnished shallow goblet or fruit stand found at Eutresis, Middle Helladic. A photograph was published in Goldman 1927, p. 42, fig. 33. Note: it appears to be a black and white photograph of a watercolor, possibly by Piet de Jong (now lost?). A watercolor by Piet de Jong of a similar goblet is published in Goldman 1931, pl. X.
51. Two pieces of pottery (on one lantern slide), both apparently black and white photographs of watercolors by Piet de Jong. Top: a small cylindrical pot of reddish-yellow clay, supported on three small knobs; the body is covered with shallow, horizontal rills, Middle Helladic. For the watercolor see: Goldman 1931, pl. XI, 1. Bottom: a black-burnished bowl in Argive Minyan style, Middle Helladic. See: Goldman 1931, p. 133, fig. 178.
52. Black and white photograph of a Piet de Jong watercolor: a matt-painted pithos (black lines on a light colored fabric) found at Eutresis, Middle Helladic. The watercolor was published in: Goldman 1931, pl. XIII.
53. Unpublished black and white photograph. A matt-painted (dark lines on a light colored fabric) pithos found at Eutresis, Middle Helladic. For a similar pithos, see the watercolor by Piet de Jong in: Goldman 1931, pl. XIV.
54.1. Unpublished black and white photograph depicting two pieces of pottery, apparently from a watercolor that was possibly done by Piet de Jong; the location of the watercolor is unknown. The two tankard shape vessels are decorated in dark lines on a light colored fabric; possibly matt-painted pottery of the Middle Helladic period from the site of Eutresis, 1924-1927.
54.2. Black and white drawing, plan of buildings F and M, Eutresis (Greece). The plan was published in: Goldman 1927, p. 71, fig. 57.

BOX 4
[lantern slides continued]

55. Unpublished black and white photograph. Two pieces of pottery, apparently from a watercolor that was possibly done by Piet de Jong; a bowl (bottom) and a wide-mouth jar (top). The wide mouth jar is decorated with light matt-painted lines on a dark ground, possibly Middle Helladic, and the bowl is without decoration (Early Helladic?). The location of the watercolor is unknown.
56. Unpublished black and white photograph. Detail view of an excavation trench, probably at Eutresis, 1924-1927.
57. Unpublished black and white photograph. Detail view of an excavated and emptied grave, probably at Eutresis, 1924-1927.
58. Unpublished black and white photograph. Detail view of an excavated area with fragmented pithos and scattered fragments of pottery, probably at Eutresis, 1924-1927.
59. Unpublished black and white photograph. A preliminary plan of a house, probably at Eutresis, 1924-1927.
60. Unpublished black and white photograph. View of skeletal remains in an excavated, Bronze Age grave, probably at Eutresis, 1924-1927.
61. Unpublished black and white photograph. Detail view of an undefined feature (pit?) probably at Eutresis, 1924-1927.
62. Lantern slide with unpublished black and white photograph. View of remains of a wall, squared stone blocks, maybe Halai?
63. Unpublished black and white photograph. View of remains of a wall, probably at Eutresis, 1924-1927. The wall is possibly part of the Late Helladic circuit wall.
64. Unpublished black and white photograph. View of excavated remains of walls, probably of Eutresis, 1924-1927.
65. Unpublished black and white photograph. View of the remains of a house, probably at Eutresis, 1924-1927.
66. Unpublished black and white photograph. Detail view of a rounded clay surface (an oven?), probably at Eutresis, 1924-1927.
67. Unpublished black and white photograph. Detail view of an excavation, a fragmentary pithos in situ, probably at Eutresis, 1924-1927. No information is given on the slide.
68. Unpublished black and white photograph. “Local color.” View of four people (two females, two young males) at a spring. The location of the spring is not given, but it may be in the area of Eutresis, Greece, 1924-1927.
69. Unpublished black and white photograph. A simple (black and white lines) map of Euboea, Attica, Boeotia, and Phocis. The map would have been used in talks and lectures to identify the general region of the excavation.
70. Unpublished black and white photograph. View of Agora Excavations, Athens. There is a crack across the slide.
71. Unpublished black and white photograph. Detail view of a Corinthian capital, site is unknown, perhaps Athens.
72. View of a village, labelled Iolkos on the slide.

See also, 10 glass plates from the Archaeological Photographic Collection (N-series) [digitized; on ascsa.net]:
APC Image: N 0094: Free standing kouros; front; white marble.
APC Image: N 0095: Free standing kouros; back; white marble.
APC Image: N 0096: Free standing kouros; right side; white marble.
APC Image: N 0097: Free standing kouros; left side; white marble.
APC Image: N 0098: Metrical inscription; Boeotian dialect, funerary.
APC Image: N 0099: Seated female goddess; front.
APC Image: N 0100: Seated female goddess; front.
APC Image: N 0101: Seated female goddess; right side.
APC Image: N 0102: Seated female goddess; left side.
APC Image: N 0103: Seated female goddess; back.

BOX 5

Plans [kept in Flat Storage Drawer #15]
1. Plan I: General plan of Excavations 1924-1927 [xerox]
2. Plan IIa: Eutresis Late Helladic or Mycenaean Level, detailed plan of excavations [xerox]
3. Plan IIb: Eutresis Middle Helladic Level, detailed plan of excavations [xerox]
4a & b. Plan IIc (2 copies): Eutresis Early Helladic Level, detailed plan of excavations [xerox]
5. Pencil drawing of two excavation trenches with remains of walls on tracing paper, no label.

Bibliography
Goldman, Hetty. 1927. Excavations at Eutresis: Preliminary Report on the Excavations at Eutresis in Boeotia, Cambridge: Fogg Museum of Art, Harvard University
Goldman, Hetty. 1931. Excavations at Eutresis in Boeotia, Cambridge: Harvard University Press
Caskey, John L. and Elizabeth G. Caskey. 1960. “The Earliest Settlements at Eutresis Supplementary Excavations, 1958,” Hesperia 29, pp. 126-167, pls. 40-53