The Wiener Laboratory experimental garden
Since 2016, Wiener Lab staff and ASCSA Members have used a small part of the ASCSA Lower gardens to create an experimental garden dedicated to the cultivation of plants used in the Greek world since antiquity. This allows for an understanding of crop cycles, and the produced seeds, seed husks, some stems and leaves are preserved in the Wiener Lab comparative collections. These materials are available both for identification of macroscopic and microscopic plant remains, as well as for conducting experiments allowing for a better understanding of anthropogenic and taphonomical alterations of plant materials. The garden is fertilized only with manure and nitrogen fixing plants. On occasions, experimentally produced stone tools were used for harvesting plants, and these tools are also part of the Wiener Lab comparative collections as they preserve traces that could be used in identifying use-wear patterns in archaeological stone tools. From 2016 until present we have grown wheats (Triticum monococcum, T. dicoccum and T. spelta), barley (Hordeum vulgare), flax (Linum usitatissimum), faba beans (Vicia faba) and grass pea (Lathyrus sativus). Soil samples are also kept, after each planting season, to allow for a future study of soil chemistry fluctuations.
Human Skeletal Collection
The Human Skeletal collection housed in the Wiener Laboratory consists of a small number of complete skeletons and various isolated skeletal elements, as well as numerous casts (e.g., articulated and non articulated plastic skeletons). In addition, the collection includes casts of human dental development (maxillae and mandibles), the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System reference plaques, the Suchey-Brooks pubic symphyseal aging system casts, and the Işcan et al. rib phase casts. Finally a modern human dental reference collection already consisting of 270 specimens is under development and available to researchers.
Modern Faunal Comparative Collection
This growing collection concentrates on the basic mammal, mollusc, fish and bird species common to Greece and the Eastern Mediterranean.
The Lithic Reference Collection includes specimens of both hand samples and thin sections.The collection further includes a stable isotope database for Aegean marbles, reference samples of oolitic limestone from Greek and Roman quarries at Corinth, marble samples from Mount Pentelikon and quarry regions around the Peloponnese.
This is a growing Botanical Collection consisting of :
• An extensive seed and plants reference collection. For a catalogue of the collection click here
• A modern reference collection of charred wood
• A digital archive of phytoliths
Ceramic and Soil Collections
A part of Marie Farnsworth’s Ceramic Collection is on permanent loan from the Smithsonian Institution. The lab also has a small Soil Micromorphological Reference Collection of archaeological and natural sediments from the Palaeolithic sequence of Theopetra Cave, situated near Meteora in Northern Greece and a small number of petrographic thin sections from Markiani on Amorgos.
Other collections include a large Pigment Collection, Modern Bone Tool and Stone Tool Collections.
The Wiener Laboratory owes special thanks to the following for their contributions to its reference collections: Dr. Walter Klippel, Dr. Lynn Snyder, Dr. Yiannis Hamilakis, Dr. Justin Lev-Tov, Dr. Michele Miller, Dr. Deborah Ruscillo, Dr. Ekaterini Trantalidou, Dr. Norman Herz, Dr. Chris Hayward, Dr. Scott Pike, Dr. Anna Lagia, Dr. Eleanna Prevedorou, Dr. Harriet Blitzer, Dr. Fragkiska Megaloudi, Dr. Evi Margaritis, Dr. Maria Ntinou, Dr. Georgia Tsartsidou, Dr. Hariclia Brecoulaki, Dr. Rozalia Christidou, Dr. Panagiotis Karkanas, Dr. Christine Shriner, Dr. Melissa Moore, Dr. Ruth Siddall, Dr. China Shelton, and Dr. Tatiana Theodoropoulou.