sophia schliemann papers


Collection Number: GR ASCSA GL SS 004
Name(s) of Creator(s): Sophia Schliemann (1852-1932)
Date [bulk]: 1869-1920
Date [inclusive]:
Quantity: 0.20 linear meter
Language(s): Greek, English, French, German
Summary: The Sophia Schliemann Papers contain letters from Heinrich and other family members 1869-1920, language exercises, sections of Sophia’s narrative of a trip to Orchomenos diplomas, and other miscellaneous material.
Immediate Source of Acquisition: Gift of Andromache Schliemann-Melas, 1936
Information about Access: The papers are available for in-house research.
Cite as: American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Archives, Sophia Schliemann Papers (Αμερικανική Σχολή Κλασικών Σπουδών στην Αθήνα, Τμήμα Αρχείων, Αρχείο Σοφίας Σλήμαν)
Note: The collection was processed and catalogued by Christina Vardas, 1986-1992.

For more information, please contact the ARCHIVES at:
The American School of Classical Studies at Athens
54 Souidias Street
Athens 106 76, Greece
Phone: 213 000 2400 (ext. 425)
Contact via E-mail


Sophia Schliemann, born Sophia Engastromenou (Σοφία Εγκαστρωμένου) (12 January 1852 - 27 October 1932), was the second wife of archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann. She participated with him in the excavations of Troy and Mycenae. They had two children, Andromache (1871-1963) and Agamemnon (1878-1954). After her husband's death in 1890, Sophia continued to give lectures on his work and hosted gatherings in her Athenian residence, the Iliou Melathron. She edited Schliemann's autobiography and published it in 1892. In 1902, she and her daughter Andromache Melas, and a group of society ladies sponsored the construction of a sanatorium for tuberculosis sufferers in Goudi. She served on its board of directors from 1919 until her death in 1932. The institution has since become the Sotiria Thoracic Disease Hospital, the largest pulmonary center in Greece.


The Sophia Schliemann Papers are divided into two series: Series A, Correspondence, contains letters from Heinrich and other family members 1869-1920; and Series B Miscellaneous includes a handwritten manuscript titled "Heinrich Schliemann and the Mycenaean Civilization" (1912), language exercises, sections of Sophia’s narrative of a trip to Orchomenos, a draft of a lecture and a speech, diplomas, papers pertaining to a reproduction of the photo of Sophia wearing the Treasure of Priam as well as a mounted reproduction of the photo itself (cf. Carl W. Blegen Papers at the Archives of the Blegen Library for an original of this photo).


Series A: Correspondence

Box 1 (1869-1881) Documents  1-177
Folder 1 1869-1873 (1-33)
Folder 2 1874-1875 (34-68)
Folder 3 1876-1878 (69-116)
Folder 4 1879-1881 (117-177)

Box 2 (1882-1920)  Documents 178-498
Folder 1 1882-1884 (178-256)
Folder 2 1885-1886 (257-319)
Folder 3 1887-1889 (320-390, 494)
Folder 4 1890 (391-428)
Folder 5 1891-1893, 1907-1908, 1914, 1920, undated  (429-493)
Folder 6 1877, 1883, 1887 (4 letters from Sophia to others)

For an alphabetical arrangement of Sophia Schliemann's incoming correspondence, please see HERE.

Series B: Miscellaneous

Folder 1 Heinrich Schliemann and Mycenaean Civilization (for a writing competition at Athens University)
- handwritten manuscript - Aug. 29th, 1912
- 7 sections (part C missing) pp. 1-172

Folder 1a Fragments of text?

Folder 2 Language exercises (German, Greek, Italian?, French)

Folder 3 Draft of lecture about Sophocles’ Ajax (Aias o mastigoforos) (15 pages)

Folder 4 Fragments of Sophia’s narrative of a trip to Orchomenos-1880 (6 pages)

Folder 5 Οutline for an article-Nov. 1887

Folder 6 Biographical note about Marina Alex. Georganda (2 pages)

Folder 7 List of expenses

Folder 8 Speech for the grand opening of the Heinrich Schliemann School-Nov. 20, 1928. (Typescript in German)

Folder 9 Diplomas given to Sophia
a. Ministry of Defense (1914)
b. Academy of Athens (1929)
(existing medal in the Melas Collection)

Folder 10 Newspaper clipping from Illustrierte Frauen-Zeitung (Sept. 13, 1880) with drawing of Sophia.

Folder 11 Secondary material on Sophia Schliemann
- Papers pertaining to the reproduction of a photo of Sophia wearing Priam’s treasure (Jan./Mar. 1993), mounted photo of Sophia.
- Photocopies of newspaper clippings pertaining to Sophia’s funeral and obituary.